There are two basic theories about cause:
According to Indian workers it is due to excessive ingestion of
toxic amount of selenium contaminated fodder grown on selenium
rich soil. Feeding of rice straw for long period is associated
with it. Selenium is accumulated in rice straw. Its
concentration is 8-11.6 times high in straw rice than grains and
grains may contain 5.2-9.8 times higher concentration of Selenium than
In Pakistan Dr. Muhammad Irfan, Ex Dean, Faculty of
Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad pointed out that this disease is due to
mycotoxin produced on rice straw. Whenever stored in moist
condition there may the chances of growth of fungus and there
will be production of mycotoxins.
An antidote Degcure developed at National Research Institute of
India, Kernel. It contains MgSO4 1 Kg, FeSO4
166g, CuSO4 24 g, ZnSO4 75 g, CoSO4
15 g. Two doses of 30 grams are given orally/day. After 1-2 days
repeat dose and local ASD of lesions so that flies do not sit and do
not produce maggots. Recovery after 10-15 weeks but
not possible if hooves have shed.
Arsenic improves immunity. Arsenic preparation @ 10 ml/animal for
2-3 days intervals 3-5 injections can be given. Along with it orally
give sodium arsenate: 60 mg/animal subcutaneously. Locally available toxin
binders should also be given. After ten days to treatment animal may
show normal signs.
our area condition has improved by giving mycotoxin binders. Advise
farmers to use supplement of copper and zinc in rice growing areas. 1-2
g to large animals for 10-15 days. Leave for 1 month and again for
15 days. ½ g in small animals for 10-15 days. It is mixed in water
and flour and make 15 bolus.