Pak Dairy Info
Pakistan's 1st Online Dairy Farming Guide

Home || Our Team || Dedication || Acknowledgement || Downloads || Articles || Site Map || References || Contact Us || Feedback

For more information mail to jassaraftab@yahoo.com or call at 03326587424
 

Contents

Introduction

Breeds

Selection of Animals

Farm Building

Management

Record Keeping

Sanitation & Hygiene

Nutrition

Reproduction

Breeding

Health

Body Condition Scoring

Milk Quality

Feasibility

Terminologies

Directory

Picture Gallery

Post Parturient Haemoglobinuria

It is disease of high producing animals. It occurs after parturition and is characterized by straining during defecation, red urine, hemoglobinurea, anemia; and death may occur in this disease.

Etiology:
The major cause of this disease is phosphorus deficiency. It is more common in buffalo as compared to cattle.

Predisposing factors:

  • The diet deficient in phosphorus leads to post parturient hemoglobin urea.

  • There is deficiency of phosphorus in plants like turnips, brassica, reddish leaves and beat pulp.

  • Usually animal in 3rd – 4th lactation are more prone to this disease as compared to in first, second lactations.


 
  • Deficiency of copper in soil. Copper is essential part of an enzyme dismutase which is necessary for hemopoiesis.

  • Animal in dry period have normal phosphorus. But lactating animals have deficiency of phosphorus and calcium. So more prone to it.

  • It is more common 2-4 weeks after parturition. Incidence of this disease is low but mortality upto 50 %. This disease does not occur in beef cattle.

  • Ingestion of cold water also leads to hemolysis.

Clinical Findings:

  • Hemoglobinuria

  • Lack of appetite   

  • Weakness develop suddenly

  • Severe depression of the milk yield 

  • Dehydration develops quickly

  • Pale mucous membrane

  • Temperature 103.5 oF

  • Feaces dry and firm

  • Low oxygen carrying capacity of RBCs will not fulfill the requirement of oxygen; there will be increase heart rate and respiration. So there will be difficult breathing and fast heart rate.

  • In later stages there is jaundice

  • Pica may be present

  • Course of disease is 3-5 days

  • Animal becomes stagger, weak and recombinant.

Diagnosis:
Through clinical pathology, signs and symptoms.

Treatment:

  • Best treatment is blood transfusion upto 5 litres.

  • Sodium acid phosphate Na2H2PO4 60 g/300 ml water of which is given through intravascularly or subcutaneously. Repeat after 12 hours. Route of administration depends upon the severity of disease. 100 g Na2H2PO4 orally can be given for 5 days.

  • CuSO4 (acidified) 1-2 g orally for 10-15 days. It helps in hemopoiesis.

  • B-complex, dextrose (if dehydration)

Control:
Avoid feeding Crusiferous plants. But if have to be given then also give wheat bran (phosphorus rich diet) along with it.

 

  Copyrights Dr. M Jassar Aftab, All Rights Reserved