Bloat is a noninfectious disorder characterized by gaseous
distension of the reumen and reticulum observed on the left side of
a dairy animal. If the disorder is not treated soon, death can
occur. Two common types are legume and feedlot (grain) bloat.
Legume or pasture bloat is linked to substances in feed which form a
stable foam or interfere with nerve reflexes that accompany
belching. A lack of coarse forage needed to stimulate eructation,
can also contribute to bloat occurrence. Excessive consumption of
feed can cause rumen compaction and limit eructation gases. Feed
bloat is usually seen in feedlot animals that are on high
Excessive gas is seen as a bulging on the left side of the animal.
Labored breathing, frequent urination and some defecation is
observed with acute bloat.
Administration of antifoaming agents. To release gas walls are
punctured above the rumen contents. A rumenotomy (the body and