Pak Dairy Info
Pakistan's 1st Online Dairy Farming Guide

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Contents

Introduction

Breeds

Selection of Animals

Farm Building

Management

Record Keeping

Sanitation & Hygiene

Nutrition

Reproduction

Breeding

Health

Body Condition Scoring

Milk Quality

Feasibility

Terminologies

Directory

Picture Gallery

Balanced Ration

It is the feed or feed mixture which contains all the essential nutrients in right quality and quantity as needed by the animals for maintenance, growth, work and production.

In order to meet the nutritive requirements, the amount of feed offered to an animal in twenty four hours is called ration. It can be classified as follows.

Maintenance Ration:
The amount of balanced ration which is required to fulfill the maintenance need of a particular animal is called maintenance ration,
maintenance requirement or


 

maintenance allowance. This helps to keep the body weight of such an animal unaltered, since it is either, growing, not yielding milk, nor working. The maintenance ration has the following functions to be performed in the body.

  • To supply heat for the proper maintenance of body temperature

  • To supply energy for proper functioning of heart brain, lungs and other vital organs of the body

  • To repair the daily wear and tear of body tissue

  • To compensate the loss of minerals from the body

  • To provide essential nutrients, particularly vitamins for maintenance of life and well being

Production Ration:

The amount of feed mixture which is given to a growing, working or producing animal over and above its maintenance need is known as production ration. This need is mostly met by feeding concentrate mixture to animals.

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