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Hepatic Fascioliasis or Liver Fluke Disease

Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica are responsible for it. It is caused by ingestion of metacercariae.  Intermediate host is snail (Lymnaeid snail).

Clinical Findings:

Acute Fascioliasis:

  • Sudden death

  • if signs observed animal is dull, weak, anorexic and pallor

  • Edema of mucosa and conjuctiva 

  • Animal feels pain when pressure exerted on liver

  • Death occurs with passage of blood stained discharges from mouth and anus and mostly death occur within 2-3 weeks.

Subacute Fascioliasis:

  • Submandibular edema (bottle jaw)

  • Weight loss

  • Pallor mucosa


 

Chronic Fascioliasis:

  • Submandibular edema (bottle haw)

  • Weight loss

  • Pallor mucosa

  • Duration of disease may be 2-3 months

  • Loss in milk production

  • Edema and chronic diarrhea

Treatment:

  • Triclabendazole: 12 mg/Kg

  • Albendazole: 10 mg/Kg

  • Levamisol: 5.5-11 mg/Kg

 

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