Transmission is by ingestion of infective larvae. Disease risk is
determined by factors influencing the susceptibility of the host,
the numbers of infective larvae accumulating on pastures and the
numbers of larvae undergoing hypobiosis. Calves are more prone to
Adaptive mechanism is according to favourable environment.
Ivermectin: 0.2 mg/Kg, albendazole: 10 mg/Kg, levamisole: 5.5-11