Pak Dairy Info
Pakistan's 1st Online Dairy Farming Guide

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Contents

Introduction

Breeds

Selection of Animals

Farm Building

Management

Record Keeping

Sanitation & Hygiene

Nutrition

Reproduction

Breeding

Health

Body Condition Scoring

Milk Quality

Feasibility

Terminologies

Directory

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Balanced Concentrate Mixture (Cattle Feed or Wanda)

A balanced mixture is usually prepared in such a manner that 3.5 to 4 Kg of it may support 10 litres of milk production. Normally in dairy animals this mixture is fed at rate of of the milk yield (one Kg of concentrate mixture for every two litres of milk).

Balanced concentrate mixture feeding is essential for dairy animals because a single concentrate like maize, barley or oat and oilseed cake alone cannot meet the requirements properly. If a single concentrate, such as maize, sorghum, or barley is considered for feeding of 400 kg lactating buffalo yielding 10 litres milk, about 7 Kg grain will be needed to provide the protein requirement. Inferior quality hay or straw roughage is not only costly but also harmful. Similarly when high protein oilcake like groundnut and till cakes are sued as single concentrate, the excess of protein is wasted and the ratio between protein and carbohydrate is also disturbed which affects milk production.


 

The ingredients in wanda should be used according to following ratio:

Ingredients Ratio (%)

Sunflower cake

10-13

Cotton seed Cake

20-25

Rape seed cake

10-13

Peanut cake

20-25

Cotton seed meal

15-20

Soyabean meal

10-15

Rapeseed meal

15-20

Rice polishing

18-20

Wheat bran

23-25

Wheat grains

15-20

Maize grains

40-50

Maize glutan 20%

20-30

Maize glutan 30%

20-25

Maize glutan 60%

5-10

Molasses

10-15

Urea

1-2

Oil

2-3

Common salt

1-2

DCP

1-2

Mineral mixture

2

Different formulations for wanda for milking animals are given below:

 

Ingredients Ratio (%)

Maize Grains

18

Cotton seed cake

10

Rape seed cake

12

Wheat bran

10

Rice polishing

20

Rice bran

6

Sunflower cake

10

Molasses

10

Mineral mixture  

2

CaCo3

1

Urea

1

Total

100

CP%

18%

TDN

76%

 

Ingredients Ratio (%)

Cotton seed cake

15

Maize Glutan 30%

20

Sunflower meal

5

Wheat Bran

18

Rice Polishing

15

Maize grains

10

Molasses

15

Mineral Mixture

2

Total

100

CP%

17.6%

TDN

75.3%

 

Ingredients Ratio (%)

Rape seed cake 

15

Cotton seed cake

15

Rice Polishing

20

Wheat Bran

28

Maize grains

20

Mineral Mixture

2.

Total

100

CP%

16.17%

TDN

73.43%

 

Ingredients Ratio (%)

Soyabean meal

14

Sunflower meal

15

Rice polishing

20

Wheat Bran

24

Grains

10

Mineral Mixture

2

Total

100

CP%

18.21%

TDN

77.81%

 

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