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Bacillary Haemoglobinuria

Its causative organism is Chlostridium haemolyticum. It provides hemolytic toxin (lysis of blood). These are spore forming, G +ve, anaerobic bacteria.

Clinical Signs:

  • There is fever (106 oF) but in terminal stages sub normal temperature

  • Anorexia

  • Weak and anemic animal

  • Jaundice

  • Abortion

  • Dark red colour urine due to presence of blood

Treatment:
First specific/immediate treatment: antitoxic serum, penicillin, tetracycline . In supportive treatment: blood transfusion, fluid therapy, haemopiotic drugs (iron or copper), liver tonic.

Control:
Vaccination: 4-6 week before expected season, pasture management.


 


Differential Diagnosis:

Hematuria (intact blood in urine). This condition develops in kidney infection or in trauma of urinogenital tract. In this case RBCs will settle down at bottom.

In babesiasis and theleriasis parasite present is seen in blood smear when stainined with Giemsa stain.

 

 

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