Cl. perfringens is the causative agent of enterotoxemia. Its types B
and C mainly cause disease in calves. It mostly occurs in highly fed
Sign and Symptoms:
In calves, there is
abdominal pain, convulsions, and
opisthotonos. Death may occur in a few hours, but in less
severe cases survive for a few days, and recovery over a period of
several days is possible.
Treatment is usually ineffective because of the severity of the
disease, but if available, specific hyperimmune
serum is indicated, and oral
administration of antibiotics may be helpful.
Vaccinate the calves