Different synonyms as cystic cow, cystic ovary. There are three
types of cysts:
When follicle fails to ovulate after 7 days or more, it is cystic
ovary. It may be multiple, unilateral or bilateral. Apparent cause
is deficiency of Leutinizing hormone. Causes include high producing
animals, hereditary predisposition, stress of any kind, endocrine
imbalance. Animal shows intense type of anestrous and called as
nymphomonia and exhibit irregular cycle.
In long standing case of follicular cyst they are changed into
luteal cyst. Luteal cyst is formed if there is deficiency of LH. It
will not be able to cause ovulation. In luteal cyst animals goes
into anoestrous and from rectal examination follicle is thick walled
and cannot be ruptured. In long standing cases female develop male
like behavior due to endocrine imbalance and there are changes in
body of female. They develop muscluine body, heavy neck and change
in the voice and development of hump and relaxation of sacrosciatic
ligaments and tail head is raised.
Cystic Corpora Leutea:
is non pathological condition. Corpus luteum has depression which gradually
fills but in this case the diameter of cavity is increased. It is
very difficult to diagnose. The cycle is not disturbed.
Treatment of Follicular Cyst:
Give LH or LH like product
Manual removal of cyst is not recommended due to the
disadvantage of bleeding and adhesions.
In case of luteal cyst give prostaglandin or any analogue of