It has zoonotic
importance. Brucella abortis (in bovine and babeline), Brucella malletanis can
also cause abortion in bovine and babeline.
Sources of Brucellosis
For this purpose freshly aborted fetus is best one with placenta. If
placenta is not shed yet, then fetus sample. Preferably fresh fetus
should be sent. Whole fetus is kept in plastic bag and sent to lab
as early as possible preferably within 24 hours. It depends upon the
season also. Suppose extreme summer season, it is better to add bag
with ice cubes. If there is need to preserve, go for refrigeration.
(milk ring test), RBPT (rose bangal plate test), ELISA (enzyme
linked immunosorbent essay), SAT (serum agglutination test). First
two are for screening, ELISA and CFT are for confirmation. Suppose
10% aborted; first go for confirmation, remaining for screening.
There are some
non infectious causes. Additionally sampling of fetus and placenta,
also send the sample of food and water. 5g of fodder cover in
plastic bag and send to lab for examination of mycotoxin, aflatoxin
and even for the nutritive value.
In males Brucella
is isolated from primary and accessory sex glands. Semen sample
could be used for this purpose. Treatment of bull is required. In
male there will be undulant fever and orchitis. If there is orchitis,
it will affect the spermeogram.
Control and Eradication
separate aborted animal from the normal.
Then go for
Then you have
to care for vaginal discharge.
the boundaries of the farm.
strictly the hygienic measurement at entry.
be proper disposal of aborted material.